Penokee-Gogebic Iron Range

Part 1, The Iron Giant Awakes

--Numbered Sources in Text--

(1) "Miners keep their bets on China," New York Times, June 20, 2011, http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/21/business/global/21inside.html; Bruce Cox, Mines of Pewabic Country of Michigan and Wisconsin Vol. 3, Wisconsin Iron, p.72, cites the (Ironwood) Daily Globe, October 10, 2003, and a meeting of the La Pointe Iron Company and the Iron County Comprehensive Plan Steering Committee about its 2.1 billion ton ore body of "magnetic taconite." At that time the company stated that it was a real estate owner only and would need to option its lands to a real mining company in order to get things started.

(2) Brian Clements & Carl Sack, "Proposed Mining in Northern Wisconsin's Penokee Range," June 12, 2006, http://www.northwoodswild.org/; "About GTAC," http://gogebictaconite.com/.

(3) Great Lakes Indian Fish & Wildlife Commission, October 2011. Iron Mining in the Lake Superior Basin. Project Report 11-1, Odanah, Wis., 11 pp.

(4) Lee Bergquist, "Iron County mine proposal pits jobs against the environment," Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel, July 2, 2011, http://www.jsonline.com/news/wisconsin/124929144.html; "Gogebic Taconite Potential Mining Area," map at Iron County, Wis. website.

(5) GTAC response to Ashland County Mining Impact Committee, April 20, 2011, and http://www.gogebictaconite.com/ cited in, Great Lakes Indian Fish & Wildlife Commission, October 2011. Iron Mining in the Lake Superior Basin. Project Report 11-1, Odanah, Wis., 11 pp.

(6) Lee Berquist, Upper Peninsula pits offer perspective on Wisconsin mine proposal by Lee Berquist, Milwaukee Journel-Sentinel, November 5, 2011, http://www.jsonline.com/news/wisconsin/up-pits-offer-perspective-on-wisconsin-mine-proposal-e42rvni-133308968.html.

(7) Ralph W. Marsden, 1978. Iron Ore Reserves of Wisconsin, A Minerals Availability System Report, 28 pp. Copy provided to author by Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey, Madison, Wis.; "Mining in Wisconsin: Promise or peril?" Wisconsin State Journal, October 9, 2011, http://host.madison.com/wsj/news/local/environment/article_a41d450d-bcd4-5b10-abd5-06982ac2bf57.html.

(8) Proposed Taconite Mine in the Penokee Range, http://wisconsin.sierraclub.org/PenokeeMine.asp; Great Lakes Indian Fish & Wildlife Commission, October 2011. Iron Mining in the Lake Superior Basin. Project Report 11-1, Odanah, Wis., 11 pp.

(9) "Mining in Wisconsin: Promise or peril?" Wisconsin State Journal, October 9, 2011, http://host.madison.com/wsj/news/local/environment/article_a41d450d-bcd4-5b10-abd5-06982ac2bf57.html; "Proposed Taconite Mine in the Penokee Range," http://wisconsin.sierraclub.org/PenokeeMine.asp; "Appalachia, Here We Come" (Penokee-Gogebic Iron Range article from wisconsinbirds.org), http://archive.constantcontact.com/fs024/1103691007752/archive/1105505130444.html.

(10) W.F. Cannon, G. L. LaBerge, J. S. Klasner, and K. J. Schulz, 2007, The Gogebic Iron RangeĆ³A Sample of the Northern Margin of the Penokean Fold and Thrust Belt, U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1730, 44p., p.39.